According to the findings of our research, 여자 알바 full-time working moms are more likely to have better family-friendly benefits, more flexible schedules, and higher earnings than their part-time working peers who are also mothers. The effects of motherhood on working hours and the kinds of family-friendly benefits that are available to working moms are the next topics up for discussion.
There is evidence to suggest that part-time employment often have poor pay and provide little benefits to their employees.
40 We found that between the ages of 25 and 54, moms had a higher likelihood of working part-time jobs in comparison to those who did not have children. The second model illustrates the impacts of PTW according to the number of children living in the family as well as their ages. 18 Women who are looking for work and who have children living with them who are under the age of five or who have two children living with them of any age are eligible for the employment help provided by PTW. 19 PTW patterns are significantly varied in Mediterranean nations.
It’s probable that differences in the kinds of jobs that full-time vs part-time working women held had a substantial influence on the employment opportunities and flexibility that were available to them. The challenges faced by males who worked part-time were identical to those faced by women who did so: they were often underemployed and trapped in employment that were unable to offer them with the same degree of development, compensation, or benefits as full-time work.
Working low-paying jobs is the reality for the vast majority of women who are the primary breadwinners in their families. Although men suffer many of the same challenges as women, such as fewer work options, lower pay, and less benefits, they are more likely to accept part-time jobs owing to a lack of full-time employment alternatives. This is in contrast to women, who confront fewer job opportunities. Because their employers hire so infrequently, especially in low-wage service industries, employees, particularly women, may discover that the responsibilities of caregiving or other obligations prevent them from working full-time. This is especially likely to be the case when it comes to financial obligations.
On the other hand, just one third of all full-time working women are engaged in these sectors, which suggests that they are not an appealing choice for a career path. The majority of respondents (57%) are employed full-time throughout the year and 63% are in their prime working years (ages 25-54) This indicates that work is very essential to the majority of respondents. These women have a job that requires them to work at least half time and do not have anybody else in their family who could take care of their children (an adult who is not working or works less than half-time).
Women have traditionally shouldered a disproportionate share of the household’s caregiving obligations, which may help to explain why they earn less than men. Even if there are more black women in positions of economic leadership, they are often not accorded the required amount of respect, despite the fact that they are more visible in these professions. 27 In addition to this, they provide their family the financial support that ensures their continued existence.
Women of color frequently have a more difficult time overcoming these obstacles because they are more likely to work in low-paying industries with few benefits and no child care subsidies. In addition, they must contend with the effects of racial, ethnic, and gender bias, which makes it even more difficult for them to get ahead. The most common issues that pregnant women face in the workforce are discrimination due to their pregnancy, a lack of reasonable accommodations at work that would allow them to continue working, a lack of employment protections while they are on leave, and a lack of replacement pay after they return to work.
Because the United States is the only industrialized country that does not have a national policy mandating paid parental or maternity leave, it deprives many expectant women and their families of financial stability at a time when they are most vulnerable. After taking time off for medical reasons, many employers want their female employees to immediately resume their previous occupations or face the possibility of being fired. In the event that a pregnant woman has health issues that prevent her from being able to work, she may be eligible for employment protection as well as partial or unpaid leave, depending on the circumstances.
The best way to protect a woman’s professional standing during pregnancy is to negotiate an accommodation that enables her to keep working, provided that this is both possible and necessary from a medical standpoint. The most important thing you can do for a woman is to make changes so that she may continue to work if you want to guarantee that she will get income, perks, and a secure position in her workplace.
Because it is advantageous to keep one’s income steady and to have some time off after giving birth, many pregnant women choose to continue working for as long as they are able to while they are carrying their child, even in environments where these advantages are not guaranteed. Because their schedules fluctuate more often, those who work part-time may find it challenging to successfully balance their personal and professional responsibilities. Workers need to be guaranteed at least some minimum number of hours per week, and they need to be allowed some say over their schedules, including a reduction in the amount of wiggle room there is in that schedule. Part-time workers need to be treated fairly, the process of going from part-time to full-time needs to be simplified, workers need to be guaranteed at least some minimum number of hours per week, and workers need to be guaranteed at least some minimum number of hours per week.
Employers are not required to guarantee that their employees are given with a particular number of hours of work due to the fact that working arrangements may consist of very few hours or may not have regular hours that can be predicted. It’s conceivable that this is due to the fact that people who have part-time employment often have jobs with variable schedules, which gives them more flexibility to do other things in their personal life. 52 It’s possible that moms don’t have much of a choice in the issue, but they still may be able to work part-time or whenever their schedule permits it. 53 Comparatively, just 9.7% of full-time employees were given less than a week’s notice for their schedule, in contrast to the 21.7% of part-time workers who received the same treatment.
Because working part-time is often linked with a lower salary and fewer professional options, women are still consigned to the position of secondary earners in many households. This is one reason why.
Women who participate in the labor sector should be compensated fairly and should have greater access to employment possibilities. Policies that promote or support regular scheduling, guaranteed hours, and extended before- and after-school programs have the potential to reduce economic inequities and increase the number of employment available to women. These are also among the possible results of these policies. Instead, we should strive for the stars by building an economy that compensates women fairly for the work they do, expands their access to the workforce by passing laws that are more accommodating to families, and affirms their right to choose whatever combination of motherhood and paid work they feel is appropriate for them.
Vanberg adds that if schools and daycares aren’t completely reopened, it might have a detrimental influence on women’s careers, despite the fact that women currently do a disproportionate share of housework and child care.
The yearly regional assessment of the number of women aged 15–64 working in dependent professions serves as our major independent variable. This evaluation is expressed as a percentage of women working part-time jobs.
8 This measure of part-time employment, known as PTW, takes into account regional and seasonal variations in part-time employment patterns.